What to Expect Before, During, and After a Vasectomy
Deciding to have a vasectomy takes a lot of consideration. This procedure is reportedly the most effective form of birth control, decreasing the risk of pregnancy to 1 in 2000. In addition to being a safe and convenient form of birth control, the vasectomy procedure is safe and convenient for the patient, as well. The brief surgical procedure involves sealing off the vas deferens, the tube through which sperm enter the semen. As long as vasectomy surgery has been around, many men still have questions that stem from misunderstandings. Here, we discuss the details of the vasectomy process from beginning to end.
There are only a few steps patients should take to prepare for their vasectomy.
- Avoid taking certain medications starting one week before the procedure. Drugs like ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin can thin the blood and increase the risk of surgical complications.
- Arrange a ride home. Patients will have some discomfort after their procedure so should not drive right away.
- Clean the genital area before surgery to prevent the risk of infection.
The vasectomy is performed using a local anesthetic. This includes a minor injection into the scrotum. The medication numbs the area within a few minutes so the patient will not feel the small incision or sealing of the vas deferens. The vas deferens is carefully lifted through the incision and is cut and sealed before being returned to its normal position. The vas deferens consists of two tubes, so the same technique is repeated on both sides of the scrotum. The incisions are closed with stitches if necessary. Usually, the hole is small enough to heal spontaneously.
A vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure after which recovery occurs relatively quickly. Patients may feel most comfortable staying off their feet for a few days. Lying down or reclining may feel more comfortable than sitting upright. The scrotum can be iced to reduce swelling and discomfort. The surgical team can also discuss the use of pain medication to manage comfort during these first few days. Depending on the type of work the patient does, he may resume normal activities in anywhere from 5 to 14 days. Sexual activity may resume after one week of healing.
Our practice is familiar with the scalpel and no-scalpel vasectomy techniques. We are proud to provide care to men in Chattanooga and surrounding areas. To schedule your visit with us, call (423) 778-4MEN (4636).